Students normally take Science 10 in their first year of high school. Those interested in science at the post-secondary level can choose from a variety of courses at the academic level in grades 11 and 12. For highly motivated students advanced courses are offered in biology, chemistry and physics. Details on advanced courses are provided on page 2 of this booklet.

Grade Ten Courses



Science 10 Academic 1.0 Credit
In Science 10 students are given an opportunity to explore foundation topics in four disciplines of science - biology, chemistry, meteorology and physics - in four separate units of study. Within each unit the students practice and strengthen the skills required to participate in the activities of science, and develop an understanding of concepts within that science discipline. An exploration of the relationship between science, technology, society and the environment provides a unifying theme across the four areas of science. Broad topic areas include: sustainability of ecosystems; chemical reactions; weather dynamics: linear motion. This course serves as a foundation for further studies in science, particularly in biology, chemistry and physics.
Text: Science Power 10

Science 10 A+B Academic 1.0 Credit
Science 10 A+B meets the outcomes of Science 10 but is designed for students who would prefer a less mathematical approach to science. More emphasis will be placed on applying science to the world around us. The course will be of interest to students considering Math Foundations 10 or Math 10+. Although the course is divided into 4 distinct units, students who do not achieve an average mark of 50% on the 4 units must repeat the entire course.
Text: Science Power 10

Grade 11 Courses



Biology 11 Academic 1.0 Credit
In Biology 11 the students begin by exploring some of the foundation topics in the science of biology - the characteristics of life, microscopy, cell biology and the classification and diversity of the biological world, including an overview of the five kingdoms. The remainder of the course centers around a comparative study of living systems in humans and other organisms - digestion, respiration, circulation and excretion. Biology 11 follows a studentcentered approach to learning, allowing the students to first explore concepts through activities and labs. A further aim of the course is to improve the students’ understanding of biology as a science through the integration of mathematics and the strengthening of science process skills wherever possible. Connections are made to technological, societal and environmental issues as they relate to the science of biology.
Prerequisite: Science 10
Text: Biology - Living Systems

Advanced Biology 11 Advanced 1.0 Credit
This course parallels the Biology 11 course, but more emphasis is placed on extra research and independent study and most topics are covered in more depth. The laboratory is used extensively and some units may be covered as lab block assignments. Students wishing a more in depth study of biology should consider this course. It is highly recommended for students considering a career in biology.
Text: Nelson Biology

Chemistry 11 Academic 1.0 Credit
The high school Chemistry program is divided into two courses, Chemistry 11 and Chemistry 12. Chemistry 11 is designed to be both an introduction to the fundamentals of chemistry for the science-bound student and a worthwhile course for the student interested in the humanities. The more rigorous material required for students taking post- secondary chemistry is reserved for Chemistry 12. Students will learn about the composition of matter and how one kind of matter can be changed into other kinds of matter. The topics covered by the text are reinforced with laboratory work. Topics covered include: matter, atomic theory, the periodic table, chemical bonding, naming compounds and writing chemical formulae, types of chemical reactions, balancing chemical equations, stoichiometry and an introduction to organic chemistry. Organic chemistry is included in this course because it is recommended for students taking Biology 12 in Grade Twelve.
Prerequisite: Science 10 and Math 10.
Text: Addison-Wesley Chemistry

Advanced Organic Chemistry 11 Advanced 1.0 Credit
Chemistry 11 is an advanced level course. This program is an excellent introduction to chemistry for those students who have an above average interest and proven ability in science. The course focuses on the development of reasoning skills and problem solving techniques through experimentation and theory. Concepts and principles are emphasized rather than content. Topics include: naming compounds and formula writing, quantitative relationships in chemical reactions, gas laws, gas stoichiometry, an introduction to solution chemistry, atomic theory, periodic law and chemical bonds between atoms.
Text: Chemistry Experiments and Principles.

Human Biology 11 Academic 1.0 Credit
This course is an academic credit that counts as a second science credit for high school graduation. The major systems of the human body will be covered in this course using an issues based or society and technology point of view. Lab work, projects, group activities and case study examples will be main learning strategies. This course is designed so that students gain an appreciation and understanding of the importance of various body functions. Human Biology 11 does not prepare students for Biology 12. It is not recommended that students take both Biology 11 and Human Biology 11. Permission from the department head is required and would only be given in very exceptional circumstances
Text: TBA

Oceans 11 Academic 1.0 Credit
Oceans 11 is an academic course that satisfies the second science credit requirement for high school graduation. Oceans 11 offers students the opportunity to explore aspects of global and local oceanography and current ocean-related issues. The course is designed to be flexible and meet the needs and interests of Nova Scotian students by connecting the study of oceanography with local economic and community interests. One of the priories of the course is to increase students’ knowledge of emerging new economies and opportunities in such areas as aquaculture and oceans management, which offer new career opportunities. Oceans 11 consists of four 25-30 hour modules. Successful completion of four modules is required to earn one science credit. All students must complete Modules I and II
  • Module I Oceans—Structure and Motion

  • Module II The Marine Biome


The remaining two modules are selected by the teacher, based on resources and student interest, from:

  • Module III Aquaculture-Farming the Oceans

  • Module IV The Fisheries Resource

  • Module V Our Coastal Zones-Managing Their Use

  • Module VI Ocean industries

  • Module VII Coastal Navigation


Prerequisite: Science 10
Text: TBA

Physics 11 Academic 1.0 Credit
This course is an introduction to physics. Topics include linear motion, dynamics [the relationship between force and motion] energy and momentum. The course concludes with a with a study of sound, light and waves.
Prerequisite: Math 10 and Science 10
Text: Physics: Principles and Problems & Physics

Advanced Physics 11 Advanced 1.0 Credit
This is an introductory course in physics for highly motivated students with a particular interest in science and proven ability in mathematics. The topics include: how light behaves, reflections and images, refraction, the particle model of light, introduction to waves, waves and light, interference, linear kinematics, vectors, dynamics, Newton’s Laws of Motion and motion at the earth’s surface.
Text: Physics Giancoli

Grade Twelve Courses



Note: Grade 12 students who wish to take Biology 12, Chemistry 12, or Physics 12 must take the grade 11 course first.

Biology 12 Academic 1.0 Credit
This course has “continuity of life” as a central theme. Students learn about general reproductive patterns in the biological world, then focus on embryonic development in animals, culminating in a thorough study of human reproductive systems and development. Homeostasis through hormonal and nervous control is studied within this context. Other topics of study involve genetics, biotechnology and evolution through genetic variation. Laboratory work, class discussion and project work are stressed. This course is recommended for students considering careers in science or science-related fields [e.g. health professions].
Prerequisites recommended:: Biology 11, Chemistry 11
Text: Biology: The Study of Life

Advanced Biology 12 Advanced 1.0 Credit
This course parallels the Biology 12 course, but more emphasis is placed on extra research and independent study and most topics are covered in more depth. The laboratory is used extensively and some units may be covered as lab block assignments. Students wishing a more in depth study of biology should consider this course. It is highly recommended for students considering a career in biology.
Prerequisites recommended:: Biology 11, Chemistry 11
Text: Nelson Biology

Chemistry 12 Academic 1.0 Credit
This is a continuation of Chemistry 11. Topics include: a review of some of Chemistry 11, thermochemistry, solutions, kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases and oxidation and reduction.
Prerequisites recommended: Chemistry 11 and Math 11 or Advanced Math 11 and Advanced Math 12
Text: Addison-Wesley Chemistry

Advanced Chemistry 12 Advanced 1.0 Credit
This course is a continuation of Chemistry 11. In addition to the topics listed below, students will engage in a research project or extra open-ended experimentation. Also, if time permits, additional topics of interest to students and their teacher may be included. Topics include: a review of some of Chemistry 11, molecular structure, thermochemistry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acid-base equilibria, oxidation-reduction and electrochemistry.
Prerequisites recommended: Chemistry 11 and Math 11 or Advanced Math 11 and Advanced Math 12
Text: Chemistry Experiments and Principles

Food Science 12 Open 1.0 Credit
Food Science is a full credit course designed to heighten students awareness and understanding of the realtionships among science, technology and food. The course will include a laboratory component where work will be required in both the science and food labs.
Course Study is developed around the following four modules:
Module 1: Food Constituents
This module investigates the constituents of food, the physical and chemical properties of the constituents, and applies the knowledge of food science through a project.
Module 2: Preservation Factors
In this module, deteriorative factors and their controls are investigated. Preservation is examined. High Temperature (cooking, blanching, pasteurization, sterilization) and low temperature preservation (chilling, freezing, cold storage) are investigated.
Module 3: Food Quality and Commodities
Subjective and objective quality measurements, sampling, and analysis are examined to evaluate assurance, measurement, and control. Production of the commodities with emphasis on quality retention and production techniques is discussed.
Module 4: Food Packaging
This module looks at food ingredients, labels, and packaging.

Geology 12 Academic 1.0 Credit
This course is designed to explore the processes at work on Earth today, how they contribute to the landforms we see around us, and the impact of the interactions of man and Earth. The topics included are the structure and history of the Earth, minerals, rocks and the rock cycle, the internal and external processes that contribute to the development of mineral resources, mountains, glaciers, groundwater, volcanoes and earthquakes, the theories geologists have developed to explain their observations, geologic time, and the impact of man’s decisions on our mineral resources and our environment. Whenever possible, the local geology will be used to illustrate the topics. Laboratory work, fieldwork, group and independent projects wi11 enhance the topics being studied.
Prerequisite recommended: At least one previous science course
Text: TBA

Physics 12 Academic 1.0 Credit
This course is a continuation of Physics 11. The topics include: circular motion, kinetic and potential energy, static electricity, current electricity, circuits, magnetism and electromagnetism, heat, atomic structure, nuclear physics, radioactivity, and nuclear energy. Prerequisites recommended: Physics 11, Chemistry 11 and Math 11 or Advanced Math 11 and Advanced Math 12
Text: Physics: Principles and Problems

Advanced Physics 12 Advanced 1.0 Credit
The Advanced Physics 12 course is a continuation of Advanced Physics 11. The emphasis is on energy and the many forms it can take. The topics include: momentum and the conservation of momentum, work, power, energy, kinetic and potential energy, electricity, Coulomb’s Law, circuits, electric fields, magnetism, magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction and electromagnetic waves, the structure of the atom and the nucleus, radioactivity, nuclear energy and nuclear reactors, and a major research project.
Prerequisites recommended: Physics 11, Chemistry 11 and Math 11 or Advanced Math 11 and Advanced Math 12
Text: Physics by Giancoli